Challenges for malaria elimination in Brazil

This paper reviews major lessons learned from past and current malaria control policies in Brazil. Challenges for malaria elimination addressed include the high prevalence of asymptomatic infections, emerging drug resistance, the lack of safe anti-relapse drugs, the largely neglected burden of malaria in pregnancy, the need for better vector control strategies where Anopheles mosquitoes present a highly variable biting behaviour, human movement, the need for effective surveillance and tools to identify foci of infection in areas with low transmission, and the effects of environmental changes and climatic variability on transmission.

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