To learn more about the role and performance of the private sector in malaria diagnosis, case management, and reporting in malaria elimination settings, 25 experts in malaria elimination, disease surveillance, and private sector engagement were purposively sampled and interviewed. An extensive review of grey and peer-reviewed literature on private sector testing, treatment, and reporting for malaria was performed. Additional in-depth literature review was conducted for six case studies on eliminating and neighbouring countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa.
The continued progress in malaria control may tempt countries to stagnate their financial commitment to control and elimination efforts. However, this article outlines the benefits—both for health and wealth—of continued support for malaria interventions.