Evaluation of the operational challenges in implementing reactive screen-and-treat and implications of reactive case detection strategies for malaria elimination in a region of low transmission in southern Zambia

Reactive case detection strategies, in which individuals with clinical malaria are followed up at their home and household residents and neighbours are screened and treated for malaria, are increasingly used as part of malaria elimination programmes. With limited resources, coverage and diagnostic tools, reactive screen-and-treat will likely not be sufficient to achieve malaria elimination in this setting. However, high coverage with reactive focal drug administration could be efficient at decreasing the reservoir of infection and should be considered as an alternative strategy.

Author: , , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: August 2016
Source: Malaria Journal

A qualitative review of implementer perceptions of the national community-level malaria surveillance system in Southern Province, Zambia

This review highlights the importance of a community surveillance system like RCD in shaping Zambia’s malaria elimination campaign by identifying community-based infections that might otherwise remain undetected. Results from this review will be used to plan programme scale-up into other parts of Zambia.

Author: , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: August 2016
Source: Malaria Journal

Open-source satellite enumeration to map households: planning and targeting indoor residual spraying for malaria

Defining the number and location of sprayable structures (houses) is foundational to plan and monitor indoor residual spray (IRS) implementation, a primary intervention used to control the transmission of malaria. Only by mapping the location and type of all sprayable structures can IRS operations be planned, estimates of spray coverage determined, and targeted delivery of IRS to specific locations be achieved. Previously, field-based enumeration has been used to guide IRS campaigns, however, this approach is costly, time-consuming and difficult to scale. As a result, field-based enumeration typically fails to map all structures in a given area, making estimations less reliable and reducing the enumerated coverage.

Author: , , , , , , ,
Publication date: September 2015
Source: Malaria Journal

Enhanced surveillance and data feedback loop associated with improved malaria data in Lusaka, Zambia

Enhanced surveillance and implementation of a data feedback loop have substantially increased malaria testing rates and decreased the number of unconfirmed malaria cases and courses of ACT consumed in Lusaka District within just two years.

Author: , , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: May 2015