This study used a mathematical model of the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum malaria to explore the potential effect on case incidence and malaria mortality rates from 2015 to 2030 of five different intervention scenarios. These findings show that decreases in malaria transmission and burden can be accelerated over the next 15 years if the coverage of key interventions is increased.
This article, published in Nature found that Plasmodium falciparum infection prevalence in endemic Africa halved and the incidence of clinical disease fell by 40% between 2000 and 2015. Interventions have averted an estimated 663 (542–753 credible interval) million clinical cases since 2000. Insecticide-treated nets, the most widespread intervention, were by far the largest contributor (68% of cases averted).
Author: Battle KE, Bennett A, Bhatt S, Bisanzio D, Briet O, Cameron E, Cibulskis RE, Cohen JM, Dalrymple U, Eckhoff P, Eisele TP, Fergus CA, Gething PW, Griffin JT, Hay SI, Henry A, Lindgren F, Lynch M, Mappin B, Moyes CL, Murray CLJ, Penny MA, Smith DL, Smith TA, Weiss J, Wenger E, Yukich J
Publication date: September 2015
A literature review for operational research on malaria control and elimination was conducted using the term ‘malaria’ and the definition of operational research, revealing the importance of strengthening the capacity of NMCPs to conduct operational research and publish its findings, and improving linkages between NMCPs and research institutes may aid progress towards malaria elimination and eventual eradication world-wide.