Though China is not typically associated with high malaria rates, P. falciparum infections have been rising, due to business and travel between Africa and China. This article discusses some of the key factors in this trend, suggesting ways that malaria importation may be mitigated.
This analysis of existing data and literature on imported malaria cases points to historical and geographical patterns between non-endemic countries and malarious neighboring nations. Such patterns will prove significant in strategizing for malaria elimination and eradication.
This paper focuses on quantifying the international movements of malaria to improve understanding of these phenomena and facilitate the design of mitigation strategies.
National census data for Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda were analysed to highlight patterns in cross-border migration by mapping significant origin-specific immigrant ‘hotspots’ and sub-national areas that should consider collaborating on control and elimination strategies with neighbouring countries. The outcomes of this study will feed into wider efforts to quantify and model human and malaria movements in endemic regions to facilitate improved intervention planning, resource allocation and collaborative policy decisions.