Continuous LLIN distribution to women attending antenatal care (ANC) and all infants attending the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) services appear to be under-utilized, especially EPI-based distribution. However, quality data from more countries are needed for consistent and reliable programme performance monitoring. A greater focus on routine data collection, monitoring and reporting on LLINs distributed through both ANC and EPI can provide insight into both strengths and weaknesses of continuous distribution, and improve the effectiveness of these delivery channels.
This study assess policy and practice in implementing recommendations regarding continuous distribution of LLINs and to compare the numbers of LLINs available through ANC and EPI services with the numbers of women and children attending these services.
This study used a mathematical model of the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum malaria to explore the potential effect on case incidence and malaria mortality rates from 2015 to 2030 of five different intervention scenarios. These findings show that decreases in malaria transmission and burden can be accelerated over the next 15 years if the coverage of key interventions is increased.
The behavior change communication intervention carried out in Serere district, Eastern Uganda, was comprised of radio programmes, school and community events. The evaluation showed that the intervention resulted in improved knowledge and attitudes towards care and repair, which impacted positively on net condition.
This article, published in Nature found that Plasmodium falciparum infection prevalence in endemic Africa halved and the incidence of clinical disease fell by 40% between 2000 and 2015. Interventions have averted an estimated 663 (542–753 credible interval) million clinical cases since 2000. Insecticide-treated nets, the most widespread intervention, were by far the largest contributor (68% of cases averted).
Author: Battle KE, Bennett A, Bhatt S, Bisanzio D, Briet O, Cameron E, Cibulskis RE, Cohen JM, Dalrymple U, Eckhoff P, Eisele TP, Fergus CA, Gething PW, Griffin JT, Hay SI, Henry A, Lindgren F, Lynch M, Mappin B, Moyes CL, Murray CLJ, Penny MA, Smith DL, Smith TA, Weiss J, Wenger E, Yukich J
Publication date: September 2015
Despite targeted indoor residual spraying (IRS) over a six-year period and free mass distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), malaria rates in northern Ghana remain high. Outdoor sleeping and other night-time social, cultural and economic activities that increase exposure to infective mosquito bites are possible contributors. This study was designed to document these phenomena through direct observation, and to explore the context in which they occur.
While significant focus has been given to net distribution, little is known about what is done with nets that leave a household, either to be used by others or when they are discarded. To better understand the magnitude of sharing LLIN between households and patterns of discarding LLIN, the present study pools data from 14 post-campaign surveys to draw larger conclusions about the fate of nets that leave households.
This journal article illustrates that behavior change communication (BCC) programmes can contribute to national programmes seeking to increase the use of ITNs inside the home. They also offer a viable approach for evaluating the effectiveness of other BCC programmes promoting behaviour that will reduce malaria transmission or mitigate the consequences of infection