Malaria eradication will require adaptive, well-managed malaria programmes that are able to tailor implementation of evidence-based strategies, founded upon strong sub-national surveillance and response, with adequate funding and human resources.
Describes progress over the last 15 years and anticipated challenges. Importantly, the article emphasizes the importance of intra-regional collaboration, mentioning the Global Fund EMMIE program in Central America and the E8 initiative in southern Africa, among others.
Country experiences in the Eliminating Malaria Case Study Series were reviewed to identify success factors on the road to elimination using a cross-case study analytic approach. Most countries aligned with integrated vector management, all programmes conducted entomological surveillance, and indoor residual spraying (IRS) and bednets were commonly used. There were several examples of severe reductions or halting of IRS coverage and subsequent resurgence of malaria.
Despite some substantial knowledge gaps, MDA has been used successfully to control and eliminate Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax malaria in the past, and should be considered as part of a comprehensive malaria elimination strategy in aspecific settings.
Low malaria transmission in Namibia suggests that elimination is possible, but the risk of imported malaria from Angola remains a challenge. This case study reviews the early transition of a program shift from malaria control to elimination in three northern regions of Namibia.
Foci of artemisinin drug resistance have been identified in the Greater Mekong subregion (GMS) of the Asia Pacific, threatening the major gains made in malaria control and potentially creating a parasite pool that is more difficult to treat and eliminate. … A sustainable solution is the rapid elimination of all Plasmodium falciparum parasites from the GMS.
A background paper by the UCSF Global Health Group’s Malaria initiative examining the major enabling factors and roadblocks in the management of malaria elimination activities. The paper discusses how to effectively manage the shift from malaria control to elimination at the national level, borrowing from management techniques used in the private sector.
Author: Case P, Chandramohan D, Gosling J, Gosling R, Gueye C, Koita K, Newby G, Tulloch J, UCSF Global Health Group Malaria Elimination Initiative, Wegbreit J
Publication date: January 2014
Source: UCSF Global Health Group Malaria Elimination Initiative
A study aiming to estimate the financial resources used by sub-national malaria programs in different phases during elimination in order to understand what resources are needed to transition from controlling malaria to eliminating it, using the Philippines as a case study.