Though China is not typically associated with high malaria rates, P. falciparum infections have been rising, due to business and travel between Africa and China. This article discusses some of the key factors in this trend, suggesting ways that malaria importation may be mitigated.
In China, the national malaria elimination programme has been operating since 2010. This study aimed to explore the epidemiological changes in patterns of malaria in China from intensified control to elimination stages.
A literature review for operational research on malaria control and elimination was conducted using the term ‘malaria’ and the definition of operational research (OR).
China launched its malaria elimination program in July 2010 with a plan to achieve elimination by 2020. Malaria cases (local and imported) have been reduced from more than 26,000 in 2008 to 2,716 in 2012, of which only 243 were due to local transmission. Plasmodium falciparum has been almost eliminated (only 16 cases of falciparum malaria in 2012, along the China–Myanmar border). This success has been driven by a focused program delivering and monitoring targeted interventions to those at risk, including a RACD program that is described by “1-3-7.”