Scale-up of integrated malaria vector control: lessons from Malawi

This paper describes the approaches used to scale up vector control in Malawi, the challenges encountered, the lessons learnt from this experience, and how these lessons have informed vector control efforts. A single intervention-based approach for vector control may have suboptimal impact. Well-coordinated integrated vector management may offer greater benefits. A resistance management plan is essential for effective and sustainable vector control.

Author: , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: June 2016
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/scale-up-of-integrated-malaria-vector-control-lessons-from-malawi/

Changes in malaria burden and transmission in sentinel sites after the roll-out of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea exhibits a complex malaria epidemiology due to diversity in malaria parasites, mosquito vectors, human hosts, and their natural environment. Heterogeneities in transmission and burden of malaria at various scales are likely to affect the success of malaria control interventions, and vice-versa. This manuscript assesses changes in malaria prevalence, incidence and transmission in sentinel sites following the first national distribution of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs).

Author: , , , , , , ,
Publication date: June 2016
Source: Parasites & Vectors
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/changes-in-malaria-burden-and-transmission-in-sentinel-sites-after-the-roll-out-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-in-papua-new-guinea/

Estimating the most efficient allocation of interventions to achieve reductions in Plasmodium falciparum malaria burden and transmission in Africa: a modelling study

Reducing the burden of malaria is a global priority, but financial constraints mean that available resources must be allocated rationally to maximise their effect. [This study] aimed to develop a model to estimate the most efficient (ie, minimum cost) ordering of interventions to reduce malaria burden and transmission. [It] also aimed to estimate the efficiency of different spatial scales of implementation.

Author: , , ,
Publication date: June 2016
Source: The Lancet Global Health
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/estimating-the-most-efficient-allocation-of-interventions-to-achieve-reductions-in-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-burden-and-transmission-in-africa-a-modelling-study/

Analysis of asymptomatic and clinical malaria in urban and suburban settings of southwestern Ethiopia in the context of sustaining malaria control and approaching elimination

The present study determined the current epidemiological characteristics of malaria in urban and suburban sites of southwestern Ethiopia. Prospective passive case detection was conducted in health centers and district hospitals to determine clinical malaria incidence in parallel with cross-sectional surveys to determine parasite prevalence in the community.

Author: , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: April 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/analysis-of-asymptomatic-and-clinical-malaria-in-urban-and-suburban-settings-of-southwestern-ethiopia-in-the-context-of-sustaining-malaria-control-and-approaching-elimination/

Evaluation of intensified behaviour change communication strategies in an artemisinin resistance setting

The use of integrated behavior change communication supported positive improvements in both attitudes and behaviors among the population with regard to malaria compared to mass media approaches only.

Author: , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: April 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/evaluation-of-intensified-behaviour-change-communication-strategies-in-an-artemisinin-resistance-setting/

Remotely Sensed Environmental Conditions and Malaria Mortality in Three Malaria Endemic Regions in Western Kenya

This study identified lag patterns and association of remote- sensing environmental factors and malaria mortality in three malaria endemic regions in Western Kenya. Our results show that rainfall has the most consistent predictive pattern to malaria transmission in the endemic study area. Results highlight a potential for development of locally based early warning forecasts that could potentially reduce the disease burden by enabling timely control actions.

Author: , ,
Publication date: April 2016
Source: PLOS One
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/remotely-sensed-environmental-conditions-and-malaria-mortality-in-three-malaria-endemic-regions-in-western-kenya/

Eliminating malaria

This short report provides a broad overview of the history of malaria control/elimination from the 1930s onward, the current Global Technical Strategy for 2030, anticipated challenges, and highlights of success cases in each WHO region. The language is very simple and it includes explanations of current tools and the distinction between control, elimination, and eradication. Would be appropriate for policy makers and others who require an easy to understand overview of the field.

Author:
Publication date: April 2016
Source: WHO
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/eliminating-malaria/

Identifying Malaria Transmission Foci for Elimination Using Human Mobility Data

By linking transmission to parasite flow [via human mobility], it is possible to stratify landscapes for malaria control and elimination as [malaria parasite] sources are disproportionately important to the regional persistence of malaria parasites. [This study] examined how the landscape of transmission and burden changed from the pre-elimination setting by comparing the location and extent of predicted pre-elimination transmission foci with modeled incidence for 2009.

Author: , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: April 2016
Source: PLOS Computational Biology
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/identifying-malaria-transmission-foci-for-elimination-using-human-mobility-data/

An evaluation of a 24 hour malaria mobile case reporting system compared to the paper-based case reporting system in South Africa, 2015

The 24-hour reporting system has decreased the time required for maaria cases to be notified from the healthcare facility to the district, provincial and national levels. the next step will be to assess whether this system will improve investigation timeliness (48 hours from diagnosis) and response (72 hours) for those sub-districts that have an annual parasite rate of <0.1/1000 population at risk.

Author:
Publication date: April 2016
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/an-evaluation-of-a-24-hour-malaria-mobile-case-reporting-system-compared-to-the-paper-based-case-reporting-system-in-south-africa-2015/

Operational strategies of anti-malarial drug campaigns for malaria elimination in Zambia’s southern province: a simulation study

The optimal implementation strategy for mass test and treat or mass drug administration malaria parasite clearance strategies will vary by background level of prevalence, by rate of infections imported to the area, and by ability to operationally achieve high population coverage.

Author: , , , ,
Publication date: March 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/operational-strategies-of-anti-malarial-drug-campaigns-for-malaria-elimination-in-zambias-southern-province-a-simulation-study/