Imported Plasmodium falciparum and locally transmitted Plasmodium vivax: cross-border malaria transmission scenario in northwestern Thailand

Cross-border malaria transmission is an important problem for national malaria control programs. The epidemiology of cross-border malaria is further complicated in areas where Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are both endemic. By combining passive case detection data with entomological data, a transmission scenario on the northwestern Thai–Myanmar border where P. falciparum is likely driven by importation was described, whereas P. vivax is also locally transmitted. This study highlights the differences in the level of control required to eliminate P. falciparum and P. vivax from the same region.

Author: , , , , , , ,
Publication date: June 2017
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/imported-plasmodium-falciparum-and-locally-transmitted-plasmodium-vivax-cross-border-malaria-transmission-scenario-in-northwestern-thailand/

The US President’s Malaria Initiative and under-5 child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: A difference-in-differences analysis

An evaluation of the association between the introduction of PMI and child mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).

Author: , , , ,
Publication date: June 2017
Source: PLOS Medicine
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/the-us-presidents-malaria-initiative-and-under-5-child-mortality-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-difference-in-differences-analysis/

Using remote sensing environmental data to forecast malaria incidence at a rural district hospital in Western Kenya

Two statistical models,a general additive model (GAM) and GAMBOOST model with boosted regression were contrasted by assessing their predictive accuracy in forecasting malaria admissions at lead times of one to three months. The GAMBOOST model at one-month lead time had the highest predictive skill during both the training and test periods and thus can be utilized in a malaria early warning system.

Author: , , ,
Publication date: June 2017
Source: Scientific Reports
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/using-remote-sensing-environmental-data-to-forecast-malaria-incidence-at-a-rural-district-hospital-in-western-kenya/

Do anti-malarials in Africa meet quality standards? The market penetration of non quality-assured artemisinin combination therapy in eight African countries

This paper uses national and sub-national medicine outlet surveys conducted in eight study countries (Benin, Kinshasa and Kantanga [Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC], Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia) between 2009 and 2015 to describe the non quality-assured ACT (QAACT) market and to document trends in availability and distribution of non-QAACT in the public and private sector.

Author: , , ,
Publication date: May 2017
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/do-anti-malarials-in-africa-meet-quality-standards-the-market-penetration-of-non-quality-assured-artemisinin-combination-therapy-in-eight-african-countries/

Use of malaria RDTs in various health contexts across sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) increase the availability and feasibility of accurate diagnosis and may result in improved quality of care. Though RDTs are used in a variety of contexts, no studies have compared how well or effectively RDTs are used across these contexts. This review assesses the diagnostic use of RDTs in four different contexts: health facilities, the community, drug shops and schools.

Author: ,
Publication date: May 2017
Source: BMC Public Health
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/use-of-malaria-rdts-in-various-health-contexts-across-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review/

Characterizing and quantifying human movement patterns using GPS data loggers in an area approaching malaria elimination in rural southern Zambia

In areas approaching malaria elimination, human mobility patterns are important in determining the proportion of malaria cases that are imported or the result of low-level, endemic transmission. A convenience sample of participants enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study in the catchment area of Macha Hospital in Choma District, Southern Province, Zambia, was selected to carry a GPS data logger for one month from October 2013 to August 2014. Density maps and activity space plots were created to evaluate seasonal movement patterns. Time spent outside the household compound during anopheline biting times, and time spent in malaria high- and low-risk areas, were calculated.

Author: , , , , , , ,
Publication date: May 2017
Source: The Royal Society
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/characterizing-and-quantifying-human-movement-patterns-using-gps-data-loggers-in-an-area-approaching-malaria-elimination-in-rural-southern-zambia/

Modeling malaria control intervention effect in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa using intervention time series analysis

The change of the malaria control intervention policy in South Africa (SA), re-introduction of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), may be responsible for the low and sustained malaria transmission in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN). This study evaluated the effect of the re-introduction of DDT on malaria in KZN and suggested practical ways the province can strengthen its already existing malaria control and elimination efforts to achieve zero malaria transmission.

Author: , ,
Publication date: May 2017
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/modeling-malaria-control-intervention-effect-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-using-intervention-time-series-analysis/

The malaria testing and treatment landscape in mainland Tanzania, 2016

A mainland Tanzania ACTwatch outlet survey found encouraging signs for public sector preparedness for appropriate malaria testing and case management but sub-optimal QA ACT availability and market share in the private sector for most outlet types.

Author: , ,
Publication date: April 2017
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/the-malaria-testing-and-treatment-landscape-in-mainland-tanzania-2016/

Incidence and admission rates for severe malaria and their impact on mortality in Africa

This study analyzed the correlation between in-patient care and malaria mortality. Results found that the severity of in-patient cases varied markedly by country, and may suggest strategies to improve efficacy of in-patient care for malaria.

Author: , , , ,
Publication date: January 2017
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/incidence-and-admission-rates-for-severe-malaria-and-their-impact-on-mortality-in-africa/

Lessons on malaria control in the ethnic minority regions in Northern Myanmar along the China border, 2007–2014

In ethnic minority areas along the Myanmar-China border, residents have poor access to medical care for diagnosis and treatment, and there have been many malaria outbreaks in such areas. Since 2007, with the support of the Global Fund (GF), a malaria control project was introduced. The project demonstrated the following lessons: malaria control networks from the village to the regional level should be implemented; sustainable funds are required for project success; cross-border cooperation mechanisms between China and the special regions of Myanmar should be established.

Author: , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: October 2016
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/lessons-on-malaria-control-in-the-ethnic-minority-regions-in-northern-myanmar-along-the-china-border-2007-2014/