A novel method for mapping village-scale outdoor resting microhabitats of the primary African malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae

The use of a D-S modelling framework for predicting the outdoor resting habitat locations provided novel information on this little-known aspect of anopheline ecology. The technique used here may be applied more broadly at different geographic scales using Google Earth, Landsat or other remotely-sensed imagery to assess the malaria vector resting habitats where outdoor control measures can reduce the burden of the disease in Africa and elsewhere.

Author: , , ,
Publication date: September 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/a-novel-method-for-mapping-village-scale-outdoor-resting-microhabitats-of-the-primary-african-malaria-vector-anopheles-gambiae/

Spatio-temporal heterogeneity of malaria vectors in northern Zambia: implications for vector control

In Nchelenge, the co-existence of two highly anthropophagic vectors, present throughout the year, is likely to be driving the high malaria transmission evident in the district. The vectors here have been shown to be highly resistant to pyrethroids used for IRS during the study. Vector control interventions in this area would have to be multifaceted and district-wide for effective control of malaria.

Author: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: September 2016
Source: Parasites & Vectors
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/spatio-temporal-heterogeneity-of-malaria-vectors-in-northern-zambia-implications-for-vector-control/

The effect of mass mosquito trapping on malaria transmission and disease burden (SolarMal): a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial

Odour baits can attract host-seeking Anopheles mosquitoes indoors and outdoors. We assessed the effects of mass deployment of odour-baited traps on malaria transmission and disease burden. The unexpectedly low clinical incidence of malaria during roll-out led to an imprecise estimate of effectiveness from the clinical incidence data. The substantial effect on malaria prevalence is explained by reduction in densities of Anopheles funestus. Odour-baited traps might be an effective malaria intervention.

Author: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: September 2016
Source: The Lancet
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/the-effect-of-mass-mosquito-trapping-on-malaria-transmission-and-disease-burden-solarmal-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial-2/

Malaria and large dams in sub-Saharan Africa: future impacts in a changing climate

In the absence of changes in other factors that affect transmission, the impact of dams on malaria in sub-Saharan Africa will be significantly exacerbated by climate change and increases in population. Areas without malaria transmission at present may be worst affected, transitioning to regions of unstable transmission. Modifying conventional water management frameworks to improve malaria control, holds the potential to mitigate some of this increase and should be more actively implemented.

Author: , , , ,
Publication date: September 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/malaria-and-large-dams-in-sub-saharan-africa-future-impacts-in-a-changing-climate/

The impact of pyrethroid resistance on the efficacy and effectiveness of bednets for malaria control in Africa

The experiments and the model described in this study may help scientists studying how to prevent increased spread of malaria in communities where mosquitoes are becoming resistant to insecticide-treated nets.

Author: , , , ,
Publication date: August 2016
Source: eLife
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/the-impact-of-pyrethroid-resistance-on-the-efficacy-and-effectiveness-of-bednets-for-malaria-control-in-africa/

Malaria intervention scale-up in Africa: effectiveness predictions for health programme planning tools, based on dynamic transmission modelling

Health improvements following malaria intervention scale-up vary with endemicity, seasonality, age and time. Statistical models can emulate epidemiological dynamics and inform strategic planning and target setting for malaria control.

Author: , , , , , , ,
Publication date: August 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/malaria-intervention-scale-up-in-africa-effectiveness-predictions-for-health-programme-planning-tools-based-on-dynamic-transmission-modelling/

Why is malaria associated with poverty? Findings from a cohort study in rural Uganda

Housing improvements and agricultural development interventions to reduce poverty merit further investigation as multisectoral interventions against malaria.

Author: , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: August 2016
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/why-is-malaria-associated-with-poverty-findings-from-a-cohort-study-in-rural-uganda/

Pregnant women and infants as sentinel populations to monitor prevalence of malaria: results of pilot study in Lake Zone of Tanzania

This pilot explored the feasibility and utility of tracking the prevalence of malaria infection in pregnant women attending their first antenatal care (ANC) visit and infants presenting at 9–12 months of age for measles vaccination as possible sentinel populations to monitor changes in malaria prevalence.

Author: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: July 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/pregnant-women-and-infants-as-sentinel-populations-to-monitor-prevalence-of-malaria-results-of-pilot-study-in-lake-zone-of-tanzania/

Equity in long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying for malaria prevention in a rural South Central Ethiopia

The aim of this study was to evaluate the socioeconomic related dimension of inequalities in malaria prevention interventions. LLIN coverage was low overall, with rich households more likely to own nets. IRS coverage appeared more equitable.

Author: , , , , ,
Publication date: July 2016
Source: Malaria Journal
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/equity-in-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-and-indoor-residual-spraying-for-malaria-prevention-in-a-rural-south-central-ethiopia/

Advances in mapping malaria for elimination: fine resolution modelling of Plasmodium falciparum incidence

This paper shows how malaria incidence can be modelled at a fine spatial and temporal resolution from health facility data to help focus surveillance and control to population not attending health facilities.

Author: , , , , , , , , , , ,
Publication date: July 2016
Source: Nature
Permalink: http://www.makingmalariahistory.org/toolkit-resource/advances-in-mapping-malaria-for-elimination-fine-resolution-modelling-of-plasmodium-falciparum-incidence/